A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
|A. P. J. Abdul Kalam|
Full Name: Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
Short Name: A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Born: 15 October 1931, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India
Death: 27 July 2015 , Shillong, Meghalaya, India
Age (at the time of death): 83 years
Death Cause: Cardiac Arrest (stroke)
Father: Jainulabiddin Maraikayar
Mother: Ashiamma Jainulabiddin
Brothers: Kasim Mohammad, Mustafa Kamal, Mohammad Muthu Meera Labbai Maraikayar
Sister: Asim Zohra (elder)
Autobiography: Wings of Fire (1999)
An Indian aerospace scientist Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007.
His name is Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam better known as A. P. J. Abdul Kalam. His mother name was Ashiamma Jainulabiddin and Father name was Jainulabiddin Marakayar. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam’s family was a tamilian family. His father Jainulabdeen was a boat owner and imam of a local mosque; mother Ashiamma was a housewife. His father owned a ferry that took Hindu pilgrims back and forth between Rameswaram and the now uninhabited Dhanushkodi. He was the youngest of four brothers and one sister in his family. His ancestors had been wealthy traders and landowners, with numerous properties and large tracts of land. Their business had involved trading groceries between the mainland and the island and to and from Sri Lanka, as well as ferrying pilgrims between the mainland and Pamban. As a result, the family acquired the title of “Mara Kalam Iyakkivar” (wooden boat steerers), which over the years became shortened to “Marakier.” With the opening of the Pamban Bridge to the mainland in 1914, however, the businesses failed and the family fortune and properties were lost over time, apart from the ancestral home by his early childhood days, his family had become poor; at an early age, He was use to sell newspapers to supplement my family’s income,That was the begining of his true success journey with efforts and studies.
Achievement of A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
- From selling newspaper at railway stations, he went on to study Aerospace Engineering from MADRAS INSTITUTE of TECHNOLOGY.
- After successful completion of engineering he joined DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation ) ,a mammoth task in itself.
- ISRO appointed me project director of SLV-III mission ( Indias first satellite launch programme ).
- India successfully launched satellite ROHINI in 1980 under his guidance.
- In 1992, he was appointed Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister of India.
- India sent out a loud and clear signal of its military strength by conducting Pokharan-II nuclear test under my directorship.
- Alongwith cardiologist Soma Raju, he invented a low cost coronary stent named Kalam Raju stent.
- He played a major role in developing missiles AGNI ( an intermediate range ballistic missile ) and PRITHVI ( surface-to-surface missile ) for India. Since then,he becames the missile man of India.
- He was received Padma Bhusan in 1981, Padma Vibhusan in 1990 and Indias highest civilian honour ,The Bharat Ratna in 1997 for my excellent service in field of science and technology.
- From being born to a poor fisherman family, he went on to serve my nation ,INDIA, as its 11th President ( 25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007 ). He was popularly known as peoples president.
Awards and Honours
2014 – Doctor of Science Edinburgh University,UK
2012 – Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa) Simon Fraser University
2011 – IEEE Honorary Membership IEEE
2010 – Doctor of Engineering University of Waterloo
2009 – Honorary Doctorate Oakland University
2009 – Hoover Medal ASME Foundation, USA
2009 – International von Kármán Wings Award California Institute of Technology, USA
2008 – Doctor of Engineering (Honoris Causa) Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
2007 – King Charles II Medal Royal Society, UK
2007 – Honorary Doctorate of Science University of Wolverhampton, UK
2000 – Ramanujan Award Alwars Research Centre, Chennai
1998 – Veer Savarkar Award Government of India
1997 – Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration Indian National Congress
1997 – Bharat Ratna Government of India
1994 – Distinguished Fellow Institute of Directors (India)
1990 – Padma Vibhushan Government of India
1981 – Padma Bhushan Government of India
Education of A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
His school name is ‘Schwartz Higher Secondary School‘.In his school years, he had average grades but was described as a bright and hardworking student who had a strong desire to learn. He used to spent hours and hours on my studies, especially, he used to practise mathmetics, he was a bright student so the school teachers supported for my studies. This made me fearless. He took up odd jobs in his childhood but never gave up on his education but pride and honour came later in life with good dimensions.
He went on to attend Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli, then affiliated with the University of Madras, from where he graduated in physics in 1954
He moved to Madras in 1955 to study aerospace engineering in Madras Institute of Technology.While he was working on a senior class project, the Dean was dissatisfied with his lack of progress and threatened to revoke his scholarship unless the project was finished within the next three days. He met the deadline, impressing the Dean, who later said to me, “I was putting you under stress and asking you to meet a difficult deadline”
My dream, My passion, My ambition
He wanted to become a fighter pilot , this was my dearest dream ,but he failed to realise it as he bagged the ninth position when only eight slots were available in the IAF(INDIAN AIR FORCE)
For every child Mother is always will be first Guru or teacher of his life During the II world war in 1941, it was a difficult time for our family at Rameswaram. He was a ten year old boy then. War had almost reached our doors of Rameswaram since the cloud of war had already reached Colombo. Almost everything was a rarity from food articles to anything. Ours was a large joint family. The size of our family was five sons and five daughters and three of whom had families. He used to see in my house anytime three cradles. His grandmother and mother were almost managing this large contingent. The environment in the home alternated by happiness and sadness. He used to get up at four in the morning, take bath and went to my teacher Swamiyar for learning mathematics. He will not accept students if they had not taken bath. He was a unique mathematics teacher and he used to take only five students for free tuition in a year. My mother used to get up before me, and gave bath to me and prepared me to go for the tuition. He use to comeback at 5:30 when my father would be waiting for taking me to the Namaz and Koran Sharif learning in Arabic school. After that he used to go to Rameswaram Road Railway station, three kilometers away to collect newspaper. Madras Dhanushkodi Mail will pass through the station but will not stop, since it was war time. The newspaper bundle will be thrown from the running train to the platform. He used to collect the paper and run around the Rameswaram town and be the first one to distribute the newspapers in the town. After distribution, he used to come home at 8 AM. My mother will give me a simple breakfast with a special quota compared to other children because he was studying and working simultaneously. After the school gets over in the evening, again he will go around Rameswaran for collection of dues from customers. He still remember an incident which he would like to share with you all. As a young boy he was walking, running and studying all together. One day, when all his brothers and sisters were sitting and eating, his mother went on giving me chapattis (even though we are rice eaters only, wheat was rationed). When he finished eating, his elder brother called him privately and scolded “Kalam do you know what was happening? You went on eating Chappati, and mother went on giving you. She has given all her chappatis to you. It is difficult time. Be a responsible son and do not make your mother starve”. First time he had a shivering sensation and he could not control myself. He rushed to his mother and hugged her. Even though he was studying in 5th class, he had a special place in his home because he was the last guy in the family. There used to be no electricity. Their house was lit by the kerosene lamp that too between 7 to 9 PM. My mother specially gave me a small kerosene lamp so that he can study up to 11 PM. He still remember my mother in a full moon night which has been portrayed with the title “mother” in his book “Wings of Fire“.
Books of A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
1. India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium (1998)
2. Wings of Fire: An Autobiography (1999)
3. Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power within India (2002)
4. The Luminous Sparks: A Biography in Verse and Colours (2004)
5. Guiding Souls: Dialogues on the Purpose of Life (2005)
Co-author: Arun Tiwari
6. Mission of India: A Vision of Indian Youth
7. Inspiring Thoughts: Quotation Series (2007)
8. You Are Born to Blossom: Take My Journey Beyond (2011)
Co-author: Arun Tiwari
9. The Scientific India: A Twenty First Century Guide to the World around Us (2011)
Co-author: Y. S. Rajan
10. Failure to Success: Legendry Lives (2011)
Co-author: Arun Tiwari
11. Target 3 Billion (2011)
Co-author: Srijan Pal Singh
12. You are Unique: Scale New Heights by Thoughts and Actions (2012)
Co-author: S. Poonam Kohli
13. Turning Points: A Journey through Challenges (2012)
14. Indomitable Spirit (2013)
15. Spirit of India (2013)
16. Thoughts for Change: We Can Do It (2013)
Co-author: A. Sivathanu Pillai
17. My Journey: Transforming Dreams into Actions (2013)
18. Governance for Growth in India (2014)
19. Manifesto for Change (2014)
Co-author: V. Ponraj
20. Forge Your Future: Candid, Forthright, Inspiring (2014)
21. Beyond 2020: A Vision for Tomorrow’s India (2014)
22. The Guiding Light: A Selection of Quotations from My Favourite Books (2015)
23. Reignited: Scientific Pathways to a Brighter Future (2015)
Co-author: Srijan Pal Singh
24. The Family and the Nation (2015)
Co-author: Acharya Mahapragya
25. Transcendence My Spiritual Experiences (2015)
Co-author: Arun Tiwari