Future Tense

Future Tense

This tense expresses an action that has not yet happened or a state that does not exist but is expected to take place after some time from now.
Future Tense can be classified into four tenses.

(i) Future Indefinite Tense

This tense expresses an action that is expected to be finished in near future.

Structure

The structure of sentences with singular/ plural subject remains same in future indefinite tense.
Affirmative = Sub + will + V1 + Obj.
Negative = Sub + will not + V1 + Obj.
Interrogative = Will + sub + V1 + Obj + ? 
Negative Interrogative = Will + Sub + not + V1 + Obj + ? 
Example
She will call you.
She will not call you.
Will she call you ? 
Will she not call you ? 
Now a days, only ‘will’ is used as helping verb in future Tense because the usage of ‘shall’ has gone out of style in modern English. Though ‘shall’ is still used sometimes.

Use of shall/will is explained in modals.


Use

1. To show conditional actions that have adverb clause, present indefinite tense along with ‘ unless, until, when, if’.

(ii) Future Continuous Tense

This tense used to express an action that will be in progression in future.

Structure

The structure of sentences with singular/ plural subject remains same in future continuous tense. 
Affirmative = Sub + will be + V1 ing + Obj.
Negative = Sub + will not be + V1 ing + Obj.
Interrogative = Will + sub + be + V1 ing + Obj + ? 
Negative Interrogative = Will + Sub + not + be + V1 ing + Obj + ? 
Example
She will be cooking food at this time tomorrow.
She will not be cooking food at this time tomorrow.
Will she be cooking food at this time tomorrow.
Will she not be cooking food at this time tomorrow.

(iii) Future Perfect Tense

This tense expresses those actions that will certainly be finished at a point in future.

Structure

Affirmative = Sub + will have + V3 + Obj.
Negative = Sub + will not  have + V3 + Obj.
Interrogative = Will + sub + have + V3 + Obj + ? 
Negative Interrogative = Will + Sub + not + have + V3 + Obj + ? 
In future perfect tense, when an action is expected to be completed in near future, till/by are used before the adverb of future.

Example 

She will have submitted her project by Monday.
She will not have submitted her project by Monday.
Will she have submitted her project by Monday ? 
Will she not have submitted her project by Monday ?

Uses

1. To show an action in which ‘when’ or ‘before’ is followed by present tense.

(iv) Future Perfect Continuous Tense

This tense is used to express an action that continues upto some point of time in future.

Structure

Affirmative = Sub + will have been + V1 ing + Obj + since/for +time being.
Negative = Sub + will not  have been + V1 ing + Obj + since/for +time being.
Interrogative = Will + sub + have been+ V1 ing + Obj + since/for +time being + ? 
Negative Interrogative = Will + Sub + not + have been+ V1 ing + Obj + since/for +time being + ? 
Future perfect continuous tense denotes continuous action while future perfect denotes completed action.
Example
She will have been washing clothes for 3 hours.
She will not have been washing clothes for 3 hours.
Will she have been washing clothes for 3 hours ?
Will she not have been washing clothes for 3 hours ?

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